Bringing Light to the Darkness of Human Trafficking

See Countries & Maps below

TIER 1

Countries whose governments fully comply with the Trafficking Victims Protection Act’s (TVPA) minimum standards.

TIER 2

Countries whose governments do not fully comply with the TVPA’s minimum standards, but are making significant efforts to bring themselves into compliance with those standards.

TIER 2 WATCH LIST

Countries whose governments do not fully comply with the TVPA’s minimum standards, but are making significant efforts to bring themselves into compliance with those standards AND:

  1. The absolute number of victims of severe forms of trafficking is very significant or is significantly increasing;
  2. There is a failure to provide evidence of increasing efforts to combat severe forms of trafficking in persons from the previous year; or
  3. The determination that a country is making significant efforts to bring itself into compliance with minimum standards was based on commitments by the country to take additional future steps over the next year.

** A 2008 amendment to the TVPA provides that any country that has been ranked Tier 2 Watch List for two consecutive years and that would otherwise be ranked Tier 2 Watch List for the next year will instead be ranked Tier 3 in that third year. This automatic downgrade provision came into effect for the first time in the 2013 Report.

TIER 3

Countries whose governments do not fully comply with the minimum standards and are not making significant efforts to do so.

SPECIAL CASE

Somalia remains a Special Case for the twelfth consecutive year. During the reporting period, the Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) controlled Mogadishu, but had limited influence outside the capital city. The self-declared independent Republic of Somaliland and semi-autonomous Federal State of Puntland retained control of security and law enforcement in their respective regions. In August 2013, federal officials and Jubaland regional leaders agreed to establish the Interim Juba Administration in southern Somalia. The FGS focused on capacity-building and securing Mogadishu and government facilities from attacks by the al-Qaeda-affiliated terrorist organization al-Shabaab, which retained control of many rural areas in southern and central Somalia. The African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) commenced a new round of military operations in early March 2014 to recover al-Shabaab-controlled territory. The government possessed minimal capacity to investigate and prosecute most crimes, including human trafficking. In addition, officials across Somalia generally lacked an understanding of trafficking crimes, which they often conflated with smuggling. Justice was primarily provided through military courts. Civilian courts remained limited in number and capacity but functioned during the year. Many Somalis continued to rely on the traditional justice system. Due to capacity constraints, Somali authorities struggled to address human trafficking, yielding minimal results in terms of prosecution, protection, and prevention efforts in all regions.

tier-placements

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LIST OF COUNTRIES & TIER PLACEMENTS

Tier 1


ARMENIA
AUSTRALIA
AUSTRIA
BELGIUM
CANADA
CHILE
CZECH REPUBLIC
DENMARK
FINLAND
FRANCE
GERMANY
IC ELAND
IRELAND
ISRAEL
ITALY
KOREA, SOUTH
LUXEMBOURG
MAC EDONIA
NETHERLANDS
NEW ZEALAND
NICA RAGUA
NORWAY
POLAND
SLOVAK REPUBLIC
SLOVENIA
SPAIN
SWEDEN
SWITZERL AND
TAIWAN
UNITED KINGDOM
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

 

Tier 2


AFGHANISTAN
ALBANIA
ARGENTINA
ARUBA
AZERBAIJAN
THE BAHAMAS
BANGLADESH
BARBADOS
BENIN
BHUTAN
BRAZIL
BRUNEI
BULGARIA
BURKINA FASO
CABO VERDE
CAMEROON
CHAD
COLOMBIA
CONGO, REPUBLIC OF
COSTA RICA
COTE D’IVOIRE
CROATIA
CURACAO
DOMINICAN REPUBLIC
ECUADOR
EGYPT
EL SALVADOR
ESTONIA
ETHIOPIA
FIJI
GABON
GEORGIA
GHANA
GREECE
GUATEMALA
HONDURAS
HONG KONG
HUNGARY
INDIA
INDONESIA
IRAQ
JAPAN
JORDAN
KAZAKHSTAN
KIRIBATI
KOSOVO
KYRGYZ REPUBLIC
LA TVIA
LIBERIA
LITHUANIA
MACAU
MALDIVES
MALAWI
MALTA
MAURITIUS
MEXICO
MICRONESIA
MOLDOVA
MONGOLIA
MONTENEGRO
MOZAMBIQUE
NEPAL
NIGER
NIGERIA
OMAN
PALAU
PARAGUAY
PERU
PHILIPPINES
PORTUGAL
ROMANIA
ST. LUCIA
ST . MAARTEN
SENEGAL
SERBIA
SEYCHELLES
SIERRA LEONE
SINGAPORE
SOUTH AFRICA
SWAZILAND
TA JIKISTAN
TRINIDAD & TOBA GO
TOGO
TONGA
TURKEY
UGANDA
UNITED ARAB EMIRATES
VIETNAM
ZAMBIA

 

Tier 2 Watchlist


ANGOLA
ANTIGUA & BARBUDA
BAHRAIN
BELARUS
BELIZE
BOLIVIA
BOSNIA & HERZEGOVINA
BOTSWANA
BURMA
BURUNDI
CAMBODIA
CHINA (PRC)
COMOROS
CYPRUS
DJIBOUTI
GUINEA
GUYANA
HAITI
JAMAICA
KENYA
LAOS
LEBANON
LESOTHO
MADAGASCAR
MALI
MARSHALL ISLANDS
MOROCCO
NAMIBIA
PAKISTAN
PANAMA
QATAR
RWANDA
ST. VINCENT & THE GRENADINES
SOLOMON ISLANDS
SOUTH SUDAN
SRI LANKA
SUDAN
SURINAME
TANZANIA
TIMOR-LESTE
TUNISIA
TURKMENISTAN
UKRAINE
URUGUAY

 

Tier 3


ALGERIA
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
CONGO, DEMOCRATIC REP. OF
CUBA
EQUATORIAL GUINEA
ERITREA
THE GAMBIA
GUINEA-BISSAU
IRAN
KOREA, NORTH
KUWAIT
LIBYA
MALAYSIA*
MAURITANIA
PAPUA NEW GUINEA
RUSSIA
SAUDI ARAB IA
SYRIA
THAILAND*
UZBEKISTAN
YEMEN
VENEZUELA*
ZIMBABWE

 

Special Case


SOMALIA

* Auto downgrade from Tier 2 Watch List

 

AFRICA

africa

 

EAST ASIA & PACIFIC

east-asia-and-pacific

 

EUROPE

europe

 

NEAR EAST

near-east

 

SOUTH & CENTRAL ASIA

south-and-central-asia

 

WESTERN HEMISPHERE

western-hemisphere

 

 Source: USA - Dept of Defense - Trafficking in Persons Report 2014